Los 12 tipos de diamantes que existen y sus caracteristicas

The 12 types of diamonds that exist and their characteristics

Diamonds, symbols of beauty and durability, are classified into various types each with distinctive characteristics that enchant collectors and enthusiasts alike. In this article from diamantes.com we will explore the 12 types of diamonds that exist, highlighting their origins and unique properties. If you wish to understand how these amazing crystals form in nature, you can read more in our detailed article on the formation of diamonds in nature. (Keywords: types of diamonds, diamond characteristics).

Types of Diamonds by Origin

Natural Diamonds

Natural diamonds are formed beneath the Earth’s surface through geological processes that involve high pressures and temperatures over millions of years. These diamonds are highly valued for their authenticity and the geological stories they encapsulate.

Synthetic Diamonds

On the other hand, synthetic diamonds are created in laboratories using technologies that emulate natural conditions, but in a faster way. They are an ethical and less expensive option. For more details on how to differentiate them from natural ones, visit how to identify natural and synthetic diamonds. (Keywords: natural diamonds, synthetic diamonds).

12 Types of Diamonds by Color that exist

The spectrum of colors in diamonds not only adds a unique touch of beauty but also significantly influences their value, use, and demand in the gem and jewelry market.

1. White Diamond

Predominant in the market, the white diamond is valued for its versatility and the way it reflects light, which maximizes its brilliance. It is a classic choice for engagement rings and other fine jewelry pieces, where its purity and elegance are highlighted.

tipo de diamante blanco

2. Yellow Diamond

This diamond stands out for its vibrant yellow color, which varies from subtle tones to intense hues. The color is due to the presence of nitrogen. They are especially popular in pieces that seek a touch of striking color and usually have more accessible prices compared to other colored diamonds.

3. Blue Diamond

Known for their stunning and deep blue tone, these diamonds are extremely rare and, therefore, very costly. Their color is due to traces of boron and are highly coveted by gem collectors and enthusiasts.

4. Red Diamond

It is one of the rarest and most expensive diamonds in the world. Its red color is due to structural changes during its formation. Due to its rarity, it is commonly sought after by collectors and can reach astronomical prices at auctions.

Do you want to know more about this diamond? Visit our post on Red Diamond: What It Is and you will have all the information about this highly coveted diamond.

tispo de diamantes diamante rojo

5. Green Diamond

Its distinctive green color is the result of exposure to natural radiation. Green diamonds are unusual and fascinate with their connection to the earth and nature, making them exquisite pieces in high-end jewelry.

diamante de color verde

6. Orange Diamond

This warm color is due to the atomic structure that absorbs light at certain wavelengths. They are quite rare and their unique color makes them desirable in customized jewelry.

tipos de diamantes naranja

7. Black Diamond

With their characteristic dark color, these diamonds are powerful and mysterious. They are opaque and have a unique sheen, making them popular in modern and masculine jewelry.

tipos de diamantes diamante de color negro

8. Pink Diamond

Favored for its romanticism and softness, the pink diamond can vary from pale to intense tones. Its color is the result of a rare crystal deformation and is highly sought after in the luxury market.

tipos de diamantes de color rosa

9. Brown Diamond

Often called “chocolates”, these diamonds are more accessible and are frequently used in fashion jewelry for their warmth and natural hue.

tipos de diamantes de color marron

10. Violet Diamond

It is one of the rarest diamonds, and its delicate violet color makes them extremely special and sought after by diamond connoisseurs.

tipos de diamantes de color violeta

11. Gray Diamond

These diamonds offer discreet sophistication and are valued for their modernity and elegance in contemporary jewelry.

tipos de diamantes de color gris

12. Champagne Diamond

Known for their neutral and soft color, they are appreciated for their versatility and accessibility, ideal for those seeking a colored diamond at a reasonable price.

tipos de diamante de color champagne

Comparative Table of Diamonds by Color

Type of Diamond Value ($) Purity Common Use Rarity
White High VVS1-VVS2 Fine jewelry Common
Yellow Medium VS1-VS2 Color rings Moderately rare
Blue Very high VVS1 Collections, auctions Low
Red Extreme Flawless Luxury jewelry, collectors Extremely rare
Green High SI1-SI2 Exclusive pieces Low
Orange High VVS2 Customized jewelry Low
Black Medium Varies Modern jewelry Moderately rare
Pink Very high Flawless High-end jewelry Low
Brown Low I1-I2 Fashion jewelry Common
Violet Extreme VVS1 Exclusive collections Extremely rare
Gray Medium SI1-SI2 Modern jewelry Moderately rare
Champagne Low SI2-I1 Affordable jewelry Common


This table summarizes the properties and common uses of each type of diamond, providing a clear view of how they vary in terms of value, purity, preferred application, and their unalterable hardness. These data help consumers and collectors better understand each type and make informed decisions based on their specific needs and aesthetic preferences.

Unique characteristics of each type of diamond

Each type of diamond exhibits unique characteristics that not only determine its value in the market but also influence its specific application. These characteristics include clarity, cut, and carats, fundamental aspects that any buyer or collector should consider.

Clarity of diamonds

A diamond’s clarity refers to the absence of internal imperfections (inclusions) or external blemishes. White diamonds, for example, are rigorously evaluated for their clarity, as even small inclusions can affect their transparent appearance. In contrast, some colored diamonds like black, where inclusions are less noticeable, are more valued for their color and unique texture than for their clarity.

Cut of a diamond

The cut of a diamond not only refers to its shape but to how the diamond’s facets interact with light. A good cut can compensate for lower color tones or lesser clarity by maximizing the brilliance and fire of the diamond. For instance, the cut of a blue diamond must be meticulously planned to enhance its deep color and ensure that it reflects light spectacularly.

Carats of a diamond

Carats measure the weight of the diamond, and therefore, generally its size. However, two diamonds of the same weight can have vastly different values depending on their clarity and cut. Colored diamonds like pink or red, although small in size, can fetch exorbitant prices due to their rarity and demand.

Importance and Use of different types of diamonds

Diamonds are appreciated not only for their aesthetics in jewelry but also for their utility in various industrial applications. Their unmatched hardness makes them ideal for cutting, drilling, grinding, and polishing. There is no other natural material that can compete with diamonds in terms of durability and wear resistance, making them vital in the manufacturing and construction industry.

Types of diamonds in jewelry

Each color and type of diamond reflects a unique personality and status. White diamonds are often associated with engagement rings and celebrations, while colored diamonds are becoming increasingly popular in modern and statement pieces that highlight the wearer’s individuality.

Diamonds in the industry

Beyond jewelry, diamonds are widely used in cutting tools and equipment requiring extremely hard and durable materials. For example, diamonds are fundamental in the manufacture of saws, drills, and other equipment used to cut everything from stones to metals.

Frequently Asked Questions about the different types of diamonds

What type of diamond is the rarest?

The red diamond is one of the rarest and most valued in the world.

What determines the color of a diamond?

Elements like nitrogen and boron can alter the crystal structure of carbon, influencing the color of the diamond.

What is the main difference between a natural and a synthetic diamond?

Natural diamonds form under extreme geological conditions over millions of years, while synthetic ones are created in a much shorter time in laboratories.

Why are some diamonds more valuable than others?

Factors such as rarity, color, clarity, cut, and carats determine the value of a diamond.

Conclusion on the different types of diamonds

Diamonds are more than a mere manifestation of luxury and beauty; they represent a perfect fusion of nature’s whims and the advancements of human science. Choosing the right diamond involves understanding and valuing these unique characteristics that go beyond mere cost. Each type of diamond offers a story and a set of features that may resonate differently with each person, making their choice a deeply personal and significant decision.


¿Qué es la Escala de Dureza de Mohs?

What is the Mohs Hardness Scale?

The Mohs hardness scale is a method of classifying minerals based on their resistance to scratching. Created by German mineralogist Friedrich Mohs in 1812, this scale remains a standard in geology and mineralogy for measuring the hardness of minerals and other materials. Understanding this scale is essential not only for geologists but also for jewelers and mineral collectors, as it provides an easily comprehensible reference for the durability and resilience of materials.

Cuales son las principales propiedades del diamante

What are the main properties of diamond?

The diamond is more than a precious stone; it is a wonder of nature known for its exceptional physical and optical properties. This post explores the main characteristics that make diamonds one of the most valued and studied materials in the world of gemology and industry.

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